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3326 Payment for Goods and Services


Northfield, New Jersey X Monitored


Policy X Other Reasons


Before warrants signed by the president and the business administrator may be issued in payment of bills or claims, the bill or claim must be properly audited and approved according to law.

In general, bills or claims shall be audited by the business administrator and approved by resolution of the Northfield Board of Education. However, in order to provide for the prompt payment to which vendors are entitled, and which leads to more effective competitive bidding and provision of services to the district, claims duly audited by the business administrator for items previously approved by the board or provided for in the budget may be approved by Superintendent of Schools or board president or designee. Such payments shall be reported to the board at the next regular meeting.

Items not previously approved by the board or provided for in the budget must be audited by the business administrator and presented for board approval.

Purchase Orders

The Northfield School District will carefully monitor payments for invoice amounts that are greater than the approved purchase order, in order to avoid over-payments. A new purchase order will be issued (and the original purchase order voided) when the adjusted amount reasonably exceeds the original purchase order amount. In no instance shall an adjustment be made to a purchase order that changes the purpose or vendor of the original purchase order or the bid award price.

Financial Systems to Avoid Over-Payments

Pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:23A-6.10, the district will program its financial systems to avoid over-payments by:

  1. Limiting system access so that only appropriate staff may make purchase order adjustments;
  2. Reject adjustments in excess of any established approved thresholds;
  3. Prevent unauthorized changes to be processed;
  4. Reject payments where the sum of the invoice amount plus any previous invoices charged to the purchase order exceeds the sum of the original purchase order;
  5. Reject duplicate invoice numbers;
  6. Reject duplicate purchase order numbers;
  7. Prepare an edit/change report listing all payments made in excess of the approved purchase order amount.

The business administrator shall review on a monthly basis edit/change reports listing all payments made in excess of the originally approved purchase order amount to ensure that all payments are properly authorized.

For the payment of claims through the use of electronic funds transfer in lieu of payment through the use of signed checks or warrants, the business administrator is responsible for the oversight of electronic funds transfers and shall document and implement internal controls sufficient to ensure safe and proper use of the system and mitigate the potential for fraud. Funds are electronically transferred using District computers through the District’s secure banking log in accounts for the purposes of funding payroll and agency accounts and paying both employee and employer portions of payroll related items as required by the federal and state agencies, including but not limited to federal and state taxes, health benefits, pensions, and retirement savings. Additionally, debt service payments of principle and interest are paid via wire transfer using the approved bank procedures.

Adopted: October 6, 1997

NJSBA Review/Update: October 2009; December 2010;

Updated: October 2019

Readopted: October 24, 2011

Key Words

Payment for Goods and Services, Bills

Legal References: N.J.S.A. 18A:19‑1 Expenditure of funds on warrant only; requisites

N.J.S.A. 18A:19‑2 Requirements for payment of claims; audit of claims in general

N.J.S.A. 18A:19‑3 Verification of claims

N.J.S.A. 18A:19‑4 Audit of claims, etc., by secretary; warrants for payment

N.J.S.A. 18A:19‑4.1 Account or demand; audit; approval

N.J.S.A. 18A:19‑9 Compensation of teachers, etc., payrolls

N.J.S.A. 18A:22-8.1 Transfer of amounts among line items and program categories

N.J.A.C. 6A:23A-6.10 Financial system and payment approval process

N.J.A.C. 6A:23A-16.8 Petty cash funds


Cross References: *3320 Purchasing procedures

*3451 Petty cash funds

*3453 School activity funds

4142 Salary checks and deductions

4242 Salary checks and deductions

*Indicates policy is included in the Critical Policy Reference Manual.


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